FAQs about COVID-19/Coronavirus

Can COVID-19 be treated with antibiotics ?

No. Antibiotics only work for bacteria, not viruses. For this reason it is not possible to cure the new corona virus disease with antibiotics.

How do I keep myself safe?

The WHO advises that the most important thing you can do is wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use hand sanitizers with at least 60 percent alcohol content. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unclean hands. Clean and disinfect frequently used surfaces like your computers and phones. Avoid large crowds of people. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist for longer than a few days.

How dangerous is the disease?

The mortality rate for Covid-19 is estimated to be 3.6 percent, but new studies have put the rate slightly higher at 5.7 percent. Although Covid-19 is not too dangerous to young healthy people, older individuals and those with immune-compromised systems are at greater risk of death. People with chronic medical conditions like heart disease, diabetes and lung disease, or those who’ve recently undergone serious medical procedures, are also at risk.

Where did the virus come from?

The virus was first identified in Wuhan, China in late December. The corona virus is a large family of viruses that is responsible for everything from the common cold to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). After an initial outbreak in Wuhan that spread across Hubei province, eventually infecting over 80,000 and killing more than 3,000, new infection rates in mainland China have dropped. However, the disease has since spread across the world at an alarming rate.

How contagious is Covid-19?

Covid-19 can spread easily from person to person, especially in enclosed spaces. The virus can travel through the air in respiratory droplets produced when a sick person breathes, talks, coughs or sneezes. As the virus can also survive on plastic and steel surfaces for up to 72 hours and on cardboard for up to 24 hours, any contact with such surfaces can also spread the virus. Symptoms take between two to 14 days to appear, during which time the carrier is believed to be contagious.

What is the mobile number of the contact person for this test?

1.Dr. Shravan Kumar Misra 2. Dr. Ranjit Shah 3. Shri Rajesh Kumar Gupta 4. Dinesh Thapa Magar (For Night Time) 5. Naresh Thapa Magar (for night time)

How long does it take to get a Nobel Corona virus test report and where to get it?

It takes 24 to 48 hours for this test report to arrive. Written report can be obtained from this lab. If the report is positive, the hospital and doctor concerned will be informed immediately.

By what time is the sample collected for the Nobel Corona virus?

Samples collected in VTM are collected in this laboratory for 3 hours in case of triple packs by maintaining cold chain (2-8 ℃) (office hours can be submitted to the assistant at the time of sample collection and time work).

Which samples are collected for the Corona virus Test?

Throat swab, Nasal swab etc. sample is collected for this test.

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Who is at risk for COVID-19?

Currently, those at greatest risk of infection are persons who have had prolonged, unprotected close contact with a patient with symptomatic, confirmed COVID-19 and those who live in or have recently been to areas with sustained transmission.

What is Community spread?

Community spread means people have been infected with the virus in an area, including some who are not sure how or where they became infected.

Are children at increased risk for severe illness, morbidity, or mortality from COVID-19 infection compared with adults?

There have been very few reports of the clinical outcomes for children with COVID-19 to date. Limited reports from China suggest that children with confirmed COVID-19 may present with mild symptoms and though severe complications (acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock) have been reported, they appear to be uncommon. However, as with other respiratory illnesses, certain populations of children may be at increased risk of severe infection, such as children with underlying health conditions.

Are pregnant women more susceptible to infection, or at increased risk for severe illness, morbidity, or mortality with COVID-19, compared with the general public?

We do not have information from published scientific reports about susceptibility of pregnant women to COVID-19. Pregnant women experience immunologic and physiologic changes which might make them more susceptible to viral respiratory infections, including COVID-19. Pregnant women also might be at risk for severe illness, morbidity, or mortality compared to the general population as observed in cases of other related corona virus infections [including severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome corona virus (MERS-CoV)] and other viral respiratory infections, such as influenza, during pregnancy. Pregnant women should engage in usual preventive actions to avoid infection like washing hands often and avoiding people who are sick.

Can the virus that causes COVID-19 spread through food, including refrigerated or frozen food ?

Corona viruses are generally thought to be spread from person-to-person through respiratory droplets. Currently there is no evidence to support transmission of COVID-19 associated with food. Before preparing or eating food it is important to always wash your hands with soap and water for 20 seconds for general food safety. Throughout the day wash your hands after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing, or going to the bathroom. It may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads. In general, because of poor suitability of these corona viruses on surfaces, there is likely very low risk of spread from food products or packaging that are shipped over a period of days or weeks at ambient, refrigerated, or frozen temperatures.

Is SARS- CoV-2(the virus causing COVID-19) the same as the MERS-CoV or SARS-CoV?

No. Corona viruses are a large family of viruses. Some corona viruses cause cold-like illnesses in people. Others cause illness in certain types of animals, such as cattle, camels and bats. Rarely, animal corona viruses can spread to people. This happened with SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. The virus that causes COVID-19 likely also originated in an animal and spread to humans. The corona virus most similar to the virus causing COVID-19 is SARS-CoV. There are ongoing investigations to learn more. The situation is changing, and information will be updated as it becomes available.

What are the symptoms of Corona virus?

Common signs of infection include : 1.Fever 2. After 2 to 7 days develop a dry cough 3. Mild breathing difficulties at the outset 4. Gastrointestinal Issues 5. Diarrhea 6. General body aches In severe cases, High fever which rises from 100.4 ํF or higher, Pneumonia , severe acute respiratory syndrome(SARS), kidney failure in severe cases lead to death of the patient.

Are Corona virus and COVID-19 same?

Corona viruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several corona viruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). Whereas, COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered corona virus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.